Digitalisation used to be our entertainment. Now, digitalisation comes to the workplace. Not only because of the COVID-19 epidemic but also because of its versatility and applicability.

Why do we need to put our task into digitalisation? Digitalisation used to be our entertainment. Now, digitalisation comes to the workplace. Not only because of the COVID-19 epidemic but also because of its versatility and applicability.

The world shifts to digitalisation to reach widespread communication. Environmental practitioners possess pieces of knowledge; digitalisation transforms the experience into a digestible presentation. The challenge is for us to adopt and combine all the expertise into one. 

In practical terms, a digital working environment facilitates connection, enhances intelligence and versatility, encourages transparency, embraces collaboration and mobility, attains productivity, allows fair-minded and inclusion, and improves accuracy. 

The digitalised workflow guides us throughout the discipline. Company culture and technology interact with digital working principles. At the back end, data management, quality, and standards are essential to ensure integrity. Effective communications lead to accessibility for all needs while maintaining security and confidentiality. 

Digitalisation does not merely mean converting records of text, image, or sound into a format that computers can process. The need for workflow improvement directs to an automated operation. Automation is not to replace humans, but to enhance our work efficiency and accuracy.

An automated monitoring system supported by a technology platform empowers authorised parties to operate through various IT devices, including smartphones and tablets. The system automatically signals the breaches and verifies the sources. All data is filed and immediately accessible for use. The system contributes substantial savings in human resources and costs for site monitoring works and enhances information distribution amongst project parties.

By applying to the vibration field, vibration monitoring systems can manage multiple vibration sources. Powered by state-of-the-art information technology, vibration monitoring systems provide the users with a multimedia platform for timely reporting and productive communication among contractors, environmental teams, inspectors, project proponents, the Authorities, and the managers of the vibration sources. The system is designed to comply with regulations and standards; The system will perform compliance checks throughout the monitoring process. 

Proper monitoring management means so much for human lives in specific functional applications. In the age of digitalisation, we are leveraging automation into the environmental area, reshaping our modern approach in environmental monitoring.

Video – What will our environmental service be like in the future?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w-1SnZ74thc

By: ANewR Consulting Limited, a digital environmental consultant headquartered in Hong Kong since 2008. Our expertise has grown into the context of air and water qualities, noise, green building, waste management, and remediation. With extensive know-how in environmental planning and assessment, feasibility study and policy review, ecological design, monitoring, and audit (EM&A), ANewR has matured to be a leading management consultancy. Standing in the digital transformation reign, ANewR has participated in various environmental digital projects – interactive 3D visualisation, immersive automation virtual environment, Virtual reality, automation system, and monitoring platforms.
(Website:
https://anewr.com, LinkedIn: ANewR Consulting Group, Twitter: ANewR – Everyday Newer, YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnpvmxnR9hbNxytSfBdfV8Q/videos)

What instrument do we need for noise measurement?

Humans hear because our ears function to allow us to feel the vibration of the sound power emitted from the source object. Therefore, we need an instrument that hears the way we do for noise monitoring. This is the sound level meter. The weighting network built-in in the sound level meter will function to weigh. It is working like our ears, which emphasises or weighs some parts compared to others.

Photo above: Norsonic sound level meter

In the world of digitalisation, we fully utilise the Internet and website to conduct monitoring. The noise data collected by the sound level meter will be transferred via the Internet. We will make good use of the dashboard to view the data collected online. The digitalisation saves the human resources we used to need for monitoring. We can now easily retrieve the data in real-time and the historical records.

Pho

Photo above: d-Noise monitoring platform

What kind of data should we record? First and foremost, the dB of our monitored environment. The corresponding date and time are to let us find out when the particular event happens. And this is the reason why we need historical data over a period. Additionally, we may want to know about the weather condition as the rainy day may force us to abandon the monitoring for the rain splash sound. Sometimes, you want to monitor the sound levels at several locations. A station list with the map embedded on the dashboard is a helpful tool to reveal which station you are reviewing.

You have learned about the critical elements of noise measurement. Now, let’s act together – Observe your environment; Identify the noisy areas you would like to monitor; Know your noise monitoring device; Set up the noise monitoring station; Learn the dashboard to record the data; Brief about noise monitoring factors and mitigation measures. Study the noise in your environment for a period. You will find out the characteristic of your place and think about what to do.

We bear a responsibility to protect and improve the environment. Can you think of a way of creativity to deal with the noise problem you have? Any thought about utilising a noise absorption material to design the mitigation with aesthetics in mind?

By: ANewR Consulting Limited, a digital environmental consultant headquartered in Hong Kong since 2008. Our expertise has grown into the context of air and water qualities, noise, green building, waste management, and remediation. With extensive know-how in environmental planning and assessment, feasibility study and policy review, ecological design, monitoring, and audit (EM&A), ANewR has matured to be a leading management consultancy. Standing in the digital transformation reign, ANewR has participated in various environmental digital projects – interactive 3D visualisation, immersive automation virtual environment, Virtual reality, automation system, and monitoring platforms.
(Website: https://anewr.com, LinkedIn: ANewR Consulting Group, Twitter: ANewR – Everyday Newer,
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnpvmxnR9hbNxytSfBdfV8Q/videos)

How can you correctly measure noise?

You may be engaged in noise measurements in a workshop, measuring with all objects running simultaneously. If you stay there, you will get the data for all objects and the overall sound pressure level in the room. In many cases, background noise may drown out the particular machine noise during measurement. How do you eliminate the background noise and correct the influence?

What you need to do is to measure the sound pressure level with the objects running, and then switch off the objects and measure the background level, calculate the difference between these amounts, locate this on the horizontal axis on the graph below, go up until you intersect the graph, and then go to the vertical axis to the left. Subtract this value from the overall level, and you get the machine sound pressure level. Alternatively, you can utilise the equation to get the result.

Background noise matters to our noise measurement. Before measurement, we have to observe the environment to measure the noise level and identify the ideal location of the monitoring station. There are numbers of points we need to pay attention to when observing the environment. How many noise sources can you find in the environment? What characteristics do the noise sources have? Which location at the site can we pinpoint most of the noise sources? At the site, which directions do the noise sources come from? How far apart are the noise sources? Are there any walls/structures that may cause reflection?

Besides background noise, external factors such as the angle of the sound level meter are placed, and the weather impacts the monitoring. Do we cover most of the noise sources? Is the station close to the noise sources? Is the area encountering human activities? Do we have a good wifi signal and a stable electricity supply? Last but not least, is it safe to access?

After identifying the monitoring location, let us find out what instrument we need for noise measurement.

By: ANewR Consulting Limited, a digital environmental consultant headquartered in Hong Kong since 2008. Our expertise has grown into the context of air and water qualities, noise, green building, waste management, and remediation. With extensive know-how in environmental planning and assessment, feasibility study and policy review, ecological design, monitoring, and audit (EM&A), ANewR has matured to be a leading management consultancy. Standing in the digital transformation reign, ANewR has participated in various environmental digital projects – interactive 3D visualisation, immersive automation virtual environment, Virtual reality, automation system, and monitoring platforms.
(Website: https://anewr.com, LinkedIn: ANewR Consulting Group, Twitter: ANewR – Everyday Newer,
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnpvmxnR9hbNxytSfBdfV8Q/videos)

The concept of noise

Put yourself into the shoes of a sleepless victim who endure mosquitos emitting a whining sound at night. Certainly, mosquitos sound would not make you lose hearing, but you can say it is noise because of the headache, hearing high-pitched noises, exhaustion, dizziness, and nausea mosquitos cause you. Noise is an unwanted sound connected with the feeling of annoyance.

What is sound? Sound is the vibration transformation into a sound wave through a medium of gaseous, liquid, or solid elastic. The sound wave variation determines whether humans can hear about the sound. Human ears can detect variations at least 20 times a second, but not more frequent than 20000 times a second (20Hz-20kHz). And, this is Hertz.

What is a decibel? dB is a ratio between received and transmitted signal strength on a log scale. 1dB is the slightest variation that human ears can detect. 3dB differences are equivalent to the double of the sound level. The sound level humans receive comprises the sound reflected from the wall and the amount of sound being transmitted into adjacent rooms.

Human ears would not receive the complete sound level emitting from the objects. A certain level would be lost in transmission. Sound power level is the acoustic energy emitted from the source. Another concept is Sound pressure level, which measures what humans hear—the sound pressure level results from the sound energy ejected from the source transmitting to a received location. Sound power is the cause, and sound pressure is the effect.

What happens if we have more than one noise source in the room? Is the result the sum of the individual sound pressures? No, it is not the sum of the particular sound pressures.

What you should do is measure the sound pressure level of each object and calculate the difference. Look at the graph below, find the dB point on the horizontal axis, and find the value on the vertical axis according to the intersection. Add the value onto the most vociferous object. Another method is to calculate the total sound power with an equation.

Now, you have an idea what sound and noise are about. How do we practically and scientifically study noise in our environment?

By: ANewR Consulting Limited, a digital environmental consultant headquartered in Hong Kong since 2008. Our expertise has grown into the context of air and water qualities, noise, green building, waste management, and remediation. With extensive know-how in environmental planning and assessment, feasibility study and policy review, ecological design, monitoring, and audit (EM&A), ANewR has matured to be a leading management consultancy. Standing in the digital transformation reign, ANewR has participated in various environmental digital projects – interactive 3D visualisation, immersive automation virtual environment, Virtual reality, automation system, and monitoring platforms.
(Website: https://anewr.com, LinkedIn: ANewR Consulting Group, Twitter: ANewR – Everyday Newer,
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnpvmxnR9hbNxytSfBdfV8Q/videos)

Sustainable workforce

If you want your business to sustain, you will look for future trends for opportunities. If you’re going to have a well-prepared workforce, you will have to seek them out, teach and offer them career opportunities. Here are recommendations on what you can do to retain talents.

Students are one of the valuable community resources. They are well-educated with essential knowledge and skills. What they lack is real-world industry knowledge. Engage students in your community awareness program as a passage between study and work, help them understand what your industry can do for the community to pave the way for their post-secondary education.

Careers change along with the world and business trends. Offer internship to the university students in a different part of your operations and gain experiences in various cultures.

You may recruit talents through the internship program.

Retaining talents requires career advancement, providing them with the supervisory path from the technical direction. Keep them up-to-date with the information of prevailing industry trends, networks, and technology.

Design and conduct detailed benchmarks for salary review. Support the older technicians free from workplace causality by exempting them work from height.

Introduce digitalisation to perform repetitive work to reduce workload. Organise apprentices programs along with vocational training to increase the training efficiency.

By maintaining social capital and human capital in your corporate vision and strategy, community involvement will benefit your corporate in the meaningful long-run when going after the targets.

By: ANewR Consulting Limited, a digital environmental consultant headquartered in Hong Kong since 2008. Our expertise has grown into the context of air and water qualities, noise, green building, waste management, and remediation. With extensive know-how in environmental planning and assessment, feasibility study and policy review, ecological design, monitoring, and audit (EM&A), ANewR has matured to be a leading management consultancy. Standing in the digital transformation reign, ANewR has participated in various environmental digital projects – interactive 3D visualisation, immersive automation virtual environment, Virtual reality, automation system, and monitoring platforms.
(Website: https://anewr.com, LinkedIn: ANewR Consulting Group, Twitter: ANewR – Everyday Newer,
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnpvmxnR9hbNxytSfBdfV8Q/videos)

The new Acoustic Calibration Centre (ACC), now accredited by HOKLAS for calibration services

The new Acoustic Calibration Centre (ACC) has been recently accredited in Hong Kong in 2021. 

HOKLAS Accreditation

ACC is now accredited by Hong Kong Accreditation Service (HKAS) under the Hong Kong Laboratory Accreditation Scheme (HOKLAS), which has been mutually recognised by 53 laboratory accreditation bodies (58 accreditation schemes) in 45 economies.

Photo above: Why do you need third-party calibration?

Track Records

Since 2000, ACC has completed more than three hundred calibrations. The most remarkable track record is that ACC has been appointed to design the sound-level meter calibration laboratory for the Environmental Protection Department of HKSAR in consecutive years. 

The State-of-art Calibration System

ACC equips with the state-of-art calibration system – Norsonic NOR1504A – from one of the world’s leading specialist acoustic instrumentation manufacturers. The system assures all the relevant standards to comply with during the testing. The accuracy of our testing and measuring equipment (Norsonic NOR1504A) is regularly tested by the Standard and Calibration Laboratory of HKSAR. The measurement unit of Norsonic NOR1504A is traceable to the International System of Units (SI), stringent and accepted universally. Our acoustic professionals run the test with the standards-complied calibration system to identify any instrument deficiency. 

Photo above: What can our calibration lab do for you?

Uniqueness

ACC is the only centre accredited by HOKLAS in Hong Kong eligible to conduct the real-time one-third octave band analyser test. The verification goes after the parameters attenuation in the pass-band 0.1 dB and Attenuation outside the pass-band 1.8 dB specified in IEC 61260:1995, which the test for IEC 61260:1995 is difficult and time-consuming if executed manually. The calibration offer of the real-time one-third octave band analyser makes ACC unique.

Photo above: Calibration standards to comply

Service scopes

As the standards change, ACC has evolved with the refurbished calibration laboratory requirements – superseded IEC651 and IEC 804 by IEC 61672 and IEC61260. We calibrate both sound level meters and calibrators of Classes I and II variations, following a wide range of international standards, including IEC 61672-3 Ed 2.0 (2013), In-house test procedure ESG-Noise-001 against the IEC 61260:1995 requirements, In-house test procedure ESG-Noise-003 concerning IEC 60942 2003 standard. Specific tests or properties measured will be launched according to the HOKLAS’s scope of accreditation. We calibrate sound calibrators, sound measuring instruments such as sound level meters, and sound/octave band analysers of all brands. Our cost-effective calibration services strive to minimise downtime for our customers. The standard turnaround time is seven working days. Prices start from HKD2000 only. A premium five-working-day turnaround service is also available on request (subject to a surcharge).

By: ANewR Consulting Limited, a digital environmental consultant headquartered in Hong Kong since 2008. Our expertise has grown into the context of air and water qualities, noise, green building, waste management, and remediation. With extensive know-how in environmental planning and assessment, feasibility study and policy review, ecological design, monitoring, and audit (EM&A), ANewR has matured to be a leading management consultancy. Standing in the digital transformation reign, ANewR has participated in various environmental digital projects – interactive 3D visualisation, immersive automation virtual environment, Virtual reality, automation system, and monitoring platforms.
(Website: https://anewr.com, LinkedIn: ANewR Consulting Group, Twitter: ANewR – Everyday Newer,YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnpvmxnR9hbNxytSfBdfV8Q/videos)

COP26 illustrates ESG infiltrating to different sectors and functional units

In 2021, we have advancement in incorporating ESG – Environmental, Social, and Governance – with the working function sector.

The COP26 UN Climate Summit, the negotiations calling to “keep 1.5C alive”, achieves International Standard For Sustainability.

According to the GOV.UK, COP26’s effort attaining sustainable event had reached the ISO20121 international standard. The ISO20121 certificate awards the organisation that sets out the requirements to establish, maintain, and continually improve an event sustainability management system.

COP26 President Alok Sharma told:
“Sustainability was at the core of COP26, and I am proud that the UK has added yet another impressive standard of environmental compliance to the event with the ISO2021 certification. To build on our work with ISO20121, COP26 will also be a carbon-neutral event and become the first COP to have achieved PAS2060 validation on carbon neutrality. This will make good on our priority to reduce and avoid emissions at the highest level.”

How did COP26 demonstrate that they minimise potential adverse environmental impacts on communities and the local economy and maximise the positive effects?

The green event measures taken at COP26 are(extracted at https://www.gov.uk/government/news/cop26-achieves-international-standard-for-sustainability):

1) Prioritising low carbon alternative energy sources such as electric and low emission vehicles, solar energy for temporary traffic lights and Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) in generators instead of diesel.
2) Prioritising sustainability by including explicit requirements in our supplier procurements and with partners.
3) Encouraging delegates to use active travel such as walking and cycling or public transport where possible.
4) Catering prioritises locally sourced, healthy, and in-season food items to minimise mileage for transportation and support local business.
5) Working with our hygiene partners, we supplied PPE that was sustainable, washable, and included filters to follow local COVID regulations and deliver a safe COP26.
6) Repurposing the furniture, which Ikea UK provided to furnish the conference, will involve working closely with Glasgow City Council to ensure the furniture is given a second life at charity organisations and local community projects across the city. Other legacy examples include distributing the conference carpets in the temporary structures to low-income families, sending MDF sheets and cotton roof panels from the Hydro installations to wood recycling and men’s shed projects in the city and turning the hundreds of metres of black-backed fabric graphics into bags, pencil cases, laptop bags, and boxes.
7) Employing local people for specific event roles.
8) Prioritising leaving a legacy in the events industry by hosting industry-wide workshops on improving standards and best practice for future events.

Leaving a positive legacy is one of the COP26 seven Sustainability Governing Principles. Practising the green event reflects the organisation culture with real action. Imagine (or you have probably seen it) you seeing the claimed green event with plastic bottle water provided for the event guests. Unquestionably, you would doubt how “green” the organisational culture is at the first glimpse.

It is also seen in real-world cases – the 2015 VW diesel emission scandal, the 2018 Starbucks’ “nitro lid” containing more plastic material than the previous lid and straw combined, and deceptive labelling and labour practices cases in the cocoa and chocolate industry. Caroline Sapriel, the founder of the global consultancy, once said: “A number of high profile cases related to false sustainability claims calls into question whether organisations are making genuine commitments.” It is always the matter of the cultural root of the governance towards sustainability.

By: ANewR Consulting Limited, a digital environmental consultant headquartered in Hong Kong since 2008. Our expertise has grown into the context of air and water qualities, noise, green building, waste management, and remediation. With extensive know-how in environmental planning and assessment, feasibility study and policy review, ecological design, monitoring, and audit (EM&A), ANewR has matured to be a leading management consultancy. Standing in the digital transformation reign, ANewR has participated in various environmental digital projects – interactive 3D visualisation, immersive automation virtual environment, Virtual reality, automation system, and monitoring platforms.
(Website: https://anewr.com, LinkedIn: ANewR Consulting Group, Twitter: ANewR – Everyday Newer,
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnpvmxnR9hbNxytSfBdfV8Q/videos)

How to capitalise on GIS’s capabilities to enhance ecological protection practice, enforcement and stakeholder engagement

The photo above: ANewR Consulting Limited is a member of ESRI Partner Network (https://www.esri.com/partners/anewr-consulting-ltd-a2T5x000008DjMVEA0)

We are happy to be a member of the ESRI Partner Network. As a reputable geographic information system (GIS) technology provider, ESRI has participated in worldwide climate crisis projects by providing a GIS application.

ANewR, as an environmental consultant, has capitalised on GIS’s capabilities in visualisation, mapping, and assessment projects, aiming to enhance ecological protection practice, enforcement and stakeholder engagement.

That’s the way how we apply GIS:

  1. Tree mapping – to manage the tree record for preservation, conservation, and maintenance purpose
  2. 3-dimensional Environmental Impact Assessment (3D EIA) – to visualise the technical, environmental assessment result
  3. Environmental Monitoring and Audit (EM&A) – to manage the project scope within the project area
  4. Construction Noise Permit (CNP) application – to facilitate e-governance and stakeholder application
  5. Cave automatic virtual environment (CAVE) – to visualise and immerse the project scene 
  6. Noise map – to visualise the road noise model of an assessment to facilitate stakeholder inquiry

All of the above GIS track records are about data sharing. Why do we share? We share for public access, customer access and internal team access. Information accessibility is sometimes required for the project. Organisations that employ data sharing solutions could often gain a competitive advantage through a more reliable operation and maintenance.

In environmental terms, the practical usage of GIS in a project to share the GIS map showing the project location associated with any potential impacts. Project is an umbrella consisting of various subsidiaries for implementation. An environmental assessment would include an ecological study that the project proponent and subcontractors would collect additional data to complete the task. Often, the project is on a long-term basis. In this case, two-way collaboration is necessary, and mutual trust must be built by connecting parties through a single organisation. GIS here would support top-level business connections and outline the collaborative workflow.

The project, especially the infrastructure project, is complex in the organisation involving different parties of diverse backgrounds. A user-friendly platform – no coding or scripting – is essential for communications and collaboration. The simplicity creates a good hub for every project proponent to work on transparency without myth. The simple collaborative platform aids the project proponents in realising the collaboration capabilities. Every project proponent could plan with clear goals identification. The project architecture is therefore designed and drawn out. It becomes easier to test the collaboration and periodically revisit the goals and architecture. And, these are what the GIS platform could offer.

Bear in mind that information loss is another significant matter causing the mismanagement of a project. Project proponents could lose data and information through the whole infrastructure life cycle, from planning, data collection, analysis, design, construct, as-built, to operate. The GIS is critical to ensure smooth processing. Below are examples suggested by ESRI of how to incorporate GIS into daily operations.

Photo above (from ESRI): how to incorporate GIS into daily operations.

Learn more with us about the GIS application for your projects.

By: ANewR Consulting Limited, a digital environmental consultant headquartered in Hong Kong since 2008. Our expertise has grown into the context of air and water qualities, noise, green building, waste management, and remediation. With extensive know-how in environmental planning and assessment, feasibility study and policy review, ecological design, monitoring, and audit (EM&A), ANewR has matured to be a leading management consultancy. Standing in the digital transformation reign, ANewR has participated in various environmental digital projects – interactive 3D visualisation, immersive automation virtual environment, Virtual reality, automation system, and monitoring platforms.
(Website: https://anewr.com, LinkedIn: ANewR Consulting Group, Twitter: ANewR – Everyday Newer,YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnpvmxnR9hbNxytSfBdfV8Q/videos)

How to utilise GIS in a complex project

Have you been frustrated about the copious data sets that crossed the functions for a single project and found it exponentially laborious to make the judgment?

Projects have their novelty that sets the project is distinct from the regular operation. The front-line operation, data collection, analysis, maintenance, management will run very strewed when there are no standard sets. Therefore, the first and foremost mission is to gather all the necessary information to construct a projection for every stakeholder to plan to avoid the crisis. If not, resources to deploy to the project will be either very tight or at a high cost.

In past decades, the technological transformation has been on the way. COVID-19 pushed the wave of change even faster and higher. We design a Dashboard, monitoring system, management system to facilitate smooth operational and managerial flows to another efficiency level. Automation is achieved through the compatibility of hardware, software, and the Internet of Things – a network of physical objects with sensors connecting and exchanging data over the Internet. The fundamental element among them is data. We are capable of collecting data at various individual functions. Here comes down an honest question – all functions contribute to a single project. They have sophisticated parameters to be understood. How can the decision be made incorporating all data sets from different stakeholders, not being confused, misunderstood, or missing?

Digitalisation evolves to help us to have bigger pictures and make better decisions. The well-known digital approach is visualisation. When integrating all data for decision-making, we have a favorable result of sound and convinced judgment. What are the type of projects involved and tools?

A Civil Engineering project comprises design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and built environment. Its complexity happens from a voluminous amount of data from various sources, differentiating by location, infrastructure, environment, and socio-economical factors. Meanwhile, environmental legislations come into force globally. Builders have to oblige to the environmental protection principles converging on the specific natural resources management. The ongoing effects of an intrusive construction project are monitored; otherwise, the builders will be blamed and punished by law against the environmental regulations. The ecological protection momentum accelerates the much better understanding of our environment and its complexity across social factors to determine the best project practices.

It is complicated to cross different reference data to finalise the proper, comprehensive decision. GIS, Geographical Information System, is a system that generates, controls, analyzes, and outlines all types of data (ESRI). Data sets will be connected through a map of the integrating location data with all sorts of descriptive information. The all-in-one map creates interactive inquiries, analyse spatial data. The users can edit the map. The GIS map will present the result of all. When the crossed functions information appears in one map, the decision-makers will have the whole picture of what their operations will cause based on the projected input within the project area. Stakeholders can understand each others concerns. They can easily communicate for change and cooperation. Project management will become swifter and more efficient. These are the distinct benefit of applying GIS to a scoping project.

Photo above: Terrain big data visualisation

Here are ways how GIS does good work in a civil engineering project.

Operations
GIS’s thematic map format visualise the completed work record, illustrating rates of operations, completed operations, and pending operations.

Transportation
It graphically displays traffic information such as speed data, road geometry, traffic flow, picturing traffic management with the accident, and hot spot analysis and rerouting.

Monitoring and maintenance
GIS’s data integration functions, for example, for raster images and CAD drawings, empower the builders. The stakeholders can view scheduled maintenance work, ongoing activities, recurring maintenance problems, and historical information. The project impact can be traced through the network and analysed for monitoring and maintenance.

Surveying
After measuring the location’s objects on the earth’s surfaces, the builders can incorporate the data into GIS to estimate the area and prepare digital maps.

Soil mapping
Soil stability is critical for development projects to decide the land use activities and prevent environmental deterioration. GIS can be used to identify and classify soil types.

Planning
GIS is useful when the builders have scenarios to assess site selection, environmental impact, ecosystem study, natural resources risk management, sustainability, traffic congestion, roads, and pipeline routing.

Data collection
Site data collected is beneficial for conducting predesign analysis, design, and field survey calculations.

Analysis and design
GIS can create data of grading, contouring, specifications, cross-sections, design calculations, mass haul plans, environmental mitigation plans, and equipment staging. The capability will reach a new higher level when the builders integrate traditional design tools and databases into GIS. GIS can perform water distribution analysis, traffic management analysis, soil analysis, site feasibility analysis, environmental impact analysis, volume or area analysis of catchment, river or canals pattern analysis, temperature and humidity analysis.

Construction
Utilising GIS can guide resource usages such as timely construction equipment use, seasonal fluctuation effects, dumpers, concrete truck routes optimisation, earth filling and cutting, volumes calculation, and constructed areas for estimation and valuation.

Management
Presenting data by visualisation enhances stakeholders’ engagement and communication.

Environmental engineering and impact studies
Environmental impact studies are derived with physical data, geological data, biological data, social data, historical data, future development plans, industrial concerns, and other data. GIS empowers the builder to view trends, patterns, and relationships by visualising them.

Infrastructure protection
The builder will have to gather information from evacuation, elevation routes, inspection results, and structural specifications to respond to the situation quickly. Weather data, traffic, barrier protection, and the new changes can also be consolidated in GIS for real-time monitoring.

Building Information Modelling (BIM)
By integrating with BIM, the builders can blend data of different formats and visualize the object.

Site selection
When GIS links various data layers, the builders will identify the critical issues on the sites and make the comparison. The pre-assessment is essential to the project’s success.

Terrain mapping and analysis
The situation can be difficult to set foot on the location when it is a terrain area. GIS allows the builders to identify the optimal development locations on terrain areas and make a detailed analysis.

Planning and development
Integrating the information on demographics, natural resources, and other statistics in GIS can help the builders monitor the city’s growth and expansion direction to make sustainable decisions. The builders can apply GIS for highway maintenance, traffic modelling, accidental analysis, and route planning in the transportation project.

Utility management
It is crucial to map the utilities with their inventory systems, tracking maintenance, monitoring regulatory compliance or model distribution analysis, and land analysis. GIS can integrate modelling data to provide detailed analysis.

What about GIS for environmental protection projects? One of the our track records is to provide a desktop GIS software with an associated service package to map the tree records from the complaint register, Tree Register, and Tree Failure Database. The users are enabled in tracking the progress of follow-up action and mitigation measures completed by the tree management and maintenance departments.

Find out the potential use of GIS for your project with us now. 

By: ANewR Consulting Limited, a digital environmental consultant headquartered in Hong Kong since 2008. Our expertise has grown into the context of air and water qualities, noise, green building, waste management, and remediation. With extensive know-how in environmental planning and assessment, feasibility study and policy review, ecological design, monitoring, and audit (EM&A), ANewR has matured to be a leading management consultancy. Standing in the digital transformation reign, ANewR has participated in various environmental digital projects – interactive 3D visualisation, immersive automation virtual environment, Virtual reality, automation system, and monitoring platforms.
(Website: 
https://anewr.com, LinkedIn: ANewR Consulting Group, Twitter: ANewR – Everyday NewerYouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnpvmxnR9hbNxytSfBdfV8Q/videos)